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AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

(i) Timely Reporting Scheme (TRS)

INTRODUCTION: The Timely Reporting Scheme (TRS) sponsored by Government of India is being implemented in the State since 1972-73. Under the scheme, it is intended to arrive at quick, reliable and accurate estimates of area immediately after the sowing of principal crops at the end of each agricultural season viz. Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Rabi in the State on the basis of actual area enumeration in the selected twenty percent villages through sample survey. These estimates serve the Government to assess agricultural prospects during the current year and to take quick policy measures relating to agricultural production, imports and exports of the agricultural commodities.

OBJECTS: The main objectives of the scheme are:
  To obtain reliable and statistically precise estimates of area under principal crops immediately after sowing of crops.
  To obtain the estimates of area for irrigated and un-irrigated crops separately.
  To obtain the estimates of area under high yielding varieties of crops.
  To obtain the estimates of land utilization on the basis of nine fold classification.
CROP ENUMERATION: The agricultural year in the State covering the period from 1st July to 30th June is divided into three seasons viz; Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Rabi. Following major crops are covered during each agricultural season under the scheme:-

SEASON

CROPS

i) Kharif

Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Tur, Groundnut, Sesamum, Castorseed, Cotton, Sugarcane and Soya bean.

ii) Rabi

Wheat, Barley, Gram, Linseed, Rape & Mustard and Taramira.

iii)Zaid Rabi

Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Urad, Moong, Moth, Chaula, Fruits & Vegetables, Tobacco, Small millets, Spices, Fodder and chillies.


Under the scheme, estimates of area of principal crops in the State are prepared on the basis of actual enumeration done by the patwaries in a sample of twenty percent villages selected by linear systematic sampling. The special girdawari for area enumeration is conducted 15 days prior to the normal girdawari in Kharif Rabi and Zaid Rabi seasons. In Ganganagar and Hanumangarh district, one additional crop namely Toria is grown in Zaid Kharif season. The time schedule for crop enumeration prescribed for Patwaris in TRS villages in each agricultural season was as follows:

SEASON

CROP ENUMERATION PERIOD

1. Kharif

1st to 8th September

2. Zaid Kharif

1st to 15th January

3. Rabi

16th to 23rd January and

4. Zaid Rabi

1st to 10th May


FORMS FOR REPORTING AREA: Separate forms are prescribed for all seasons for reporting the area under crops, irrigated and unirrigated for both the current as well as last year for the selected villages along with the instructions for filling them. The prescribed form of area enumeration has been divided into two sections. The first section relates to the general identification particulars of the villages. The second section is meant for recording the irrigated and unirrigated area under individual crops for both the current and last year in hectares upto four decimal places. Patwaries are also required to record the conversion factor from local units to hectares.

COLLECTION AND COMPILATION OF DATA: The Tehsildars were instructed to hold the meeting of the Patwaries immediately after the completion of the field work and collect all the filled-in-schedules for onward transmission to the Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Jaipur. These schedules were scrutinized, coded and tabulation of the data at Directorate level. Under this, estimates are worked out by both the ratio and unbiased methods of estimation. Prepared these estimates are sent to Govt. of India on following due dates.

Season

Due Date of Submission

Kharif

31st October

Rabi

08th March

Zaid Rabi

31st  May

Annual Publication of Timely Reporting Scheme is also released every year in which area figure of each Agriculture season viz. Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Rabi is given. The figure of Correction factor, details of Supervision etc. is also included in this publication.
(ii)Improvement of Crop Statistics (ICS)

INTRODUCTION & OBJECTS:The main object of the scheme is to locate, through the joint efforts of the Central and State authorities, deficiencies, if any, in the system of collection of crop area / yield statistics and to suggest remedial measures to effect lasting improvement in the system.

PRIMARY WORK :The programme of work under ICS consists of carrying out checks in each agricultural season on

(i) Enumeration of area done by the village officials (Patwari) in a set of selected sample villages

(ii) preparation of crop abstract statements on the basis of entries made by the patwaries in the village records i.e. Khasra register, and

(iii) crop cutting experiments conducted by the State primary workers in a sample of villages.

SUPERVISORY AGENCIES: The scheme involves intensive supervision of field work of area enumeration done by the patwaris and crop cutting experiments at harvest stage conducted by the ILR's by the organizations like Directorate of Economics and Statistics, National Sample Organization, Board of Revenue for ensuring accuracy and timeliness.

SAMPLE SIZE: For sample check of area enumeration and area aggregation in each season, a sample of 600 villages is drawn in the form of two non-over-lapping samples of 300 villages each for supervision by supervisory staff of the National Sample Survey Organization (Central Sample) and the State Agricultural Statistics Authority (State Sample). For the purpose of supervising crop cutting experiments, a sample of 940 villages is drawn every year in the form of two non-over-lapping samples for supervision by the two above mentioned agencies. The supervision was conducted just after the prescribed TRS area enumeration period and carried out in a month after the due date for submission of the TRS estimates. The supervisors verified (a) Area of crop reported,(b) Identification of crop sown, (c) Irrigation status and (d) Use of high yielding varieties.

PRESCRIBED SCHEDULES FOR RECORDING OF FINDING: Findings were recorded in inspection schedule A.S. 1.0. Page totals of Khasra register were also checked to find out the discrepancies between the entries of area under land use as reported by patwaries and those obtained by supervisors through simple totaling of the area figures in the Khasra register were recorded in inspection schedule A.S. 1.1.
A study of the inspection schedules help to find out the extent of differences between the area figures reported by patwaries and as observed by supervisors. On the basis of above ratio i.e. supervisor entries over patwari entries were calculated both for sample check on area enumeration based on schedules A.S.1.0 and page totals of Khasra register based on schedule A.S.1.1 for each district and crop separately for the state, central and pooled samples.

ESTIMATION OF AREA: The estimates of area after applying correction factors have been obtained on the basis of sample check on area enumeration (Schedule A.S. 1.0) and page totaling of Khasra register (Schedule A.S. 1.1) for Kharif and Rabi seasons.On the basis of findings of the survey supervision in the selected villages/samples, following tables are prepared:-
i) Twenty tables (A-1 to A-20) relating to area enumeration.
ii) Yield tables (Y-1 to y-13) relating to crop estimation survey.

(iii) Agricultural Statistics: The Director of Economics and Statistics is also functioning as the State Agricultural Statistical Authority (SASA). As such, it is the clearing house for all the statistics relating to agriculture sector like crop forecasts, land utilization, zinswar, agriculture tables etc. The agriculture unit prepares indices for agricultural activities viz. area, production, productivity, farm harvest prices, net area sown, gross area sown, gross irrigated area in the State.

Annual Publication of Agricultural Statistics is also released every year. This Publication contains district wise data relating to classification of land use, source wise net and gross irrigated area , crop wise irrigated and total area , production, average yield, farm harvest prices, number of irrigation sources and agricultural indices.